Interior minimal design is a decorative trend characterised by the search for simplicity, getting rid of all superfluous elements and reducing decoration to the essentials. In this sense, functionality takes precedence over everything else. 

It is a movement that evolved from art to interior design in the 1920s with the first ideas of the German architect Ludwig Mies Van der Rohe and became popular in the 1960s in New York, and is still considered one of the most innovative styles today. 

The essentials of an interior minimal design

First of all, the basis of a minimalist-inspired interior design is to avoid excessive ornamentation. The aim is to create a calm, harmonious and functional atmosphere, free of unnecessary and redundant objects, but which as a whole combine and form a unit. 

That is why in a Interior minimal design room, basic geometric shapes such as squares or rectangles predominate, as well as the most common lines such as horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curved or zig zag. 

Furniture plays a central role in the design of a minimalist home, as the rest of the decoration is organised around it. In particular, minimalist-style furniture is designed with simple, clean lines, is usually wider than it is tall and is made of natural materials such as wood. 

In relation to the arrangement of furniture, in an interior minimal empty space is considered a very important element, as space interacts with objects and defines their appearance. This makes it clear that visual balance is just as important as the rest of the elements of minimalist decoration and for this a focal point is needed, which is usually the main furniture in each room. 

Another essential aspect is to play with textures to avoid monotony. Thus, natural wood, stone, ceramics, rattan and wicker or textiles such as wool or linen contribute to bring warmth and comfort to a Interior minimal design space. 

Finally, practicality is a must in minimalist interior design, so storage solutions are crucial, as long as they are kept hidden, behind a door, under a staircase or in any space that can be used. Everyday clutter should be kept out of sight, keeping everything hidden and in order. 

Key elements of the Interior minimal design

As we have already said, the basis of an interior minimal is to leave behind the superfluous to focus on enjoying the home and making the interiors spaces that invite calm and to be lived in. To achieve this, there are a series of elements that must be combined together in the most appropriate way.


In order to configure the spaces of a minimalist interior design, it is necessary to prioritise the sensation of spaciousness and cleanliness, which is why we usually opt for little furniture, few colours and few decorative elements. The essential thing is to achieve a simple and functional decoration that gives rise to bright and spacious spaces. 


We have already mentioned that minimalist furniture should be based on pure geometric shapes and clean, well-defined lines, but it should also have a simple, elegant structure, low height and prioritise white and ecru tones. It is also essential to know that a minimalist space should not be overloaded with unnecessary furniture, all of which should be functional.


The predominant colours in the Interior minimal design are usually monochromatic, with white as the base colour and mixed with other neutral and pure colours. Darker, tanned colours are also combined to give contrast and depth. With regard to colour, the 60/30/10 rule is followed to ensure that the room does not look too homogeneous and boring, which consists of choosing a predominant tone for the base, other secondary colours and a final one for the colour accents. The aim is to achieve a feeling of more space in the rooms.

Decorative elements

Decorative elements in minimalist interiors bring colour and warmth to the home. Large abstract paintings or plants that bring freshness are usually chosen. 


Natural materials are the kings of the Interior minimal design. Wood, glass, aluminium and steel combined with natural textiles also provide warmth. 

If we combine all these elements, we can conclude that elegance, sobriety and luminosity are the three fundamental pillars that represent the Interior minimal design. If you want more interior design ideas or to know more about other decorative styles, visit our instagram profile @_designhomedecor and get to know all our news.